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Questão 42 638128UP Medicina 2019/1
O texto abaixo é referência para a questão.
Protect the lone Amazonian tribesman. He deserves to live in peace
By Fiona Watson
I was standing on the edge of a patch of Amazon rainforest in Brazil. As far as the eye could see, there was nothing but monochrome; vast soy plantations and tamed pasture for cattle. I peered into that last oasis of Amazonian green; somewhere in there was a person, a survivor, who was living through the unimaginable.
This man was the last of his tribe. He had survived the waves of genocidal attacks in the 1970s and 80s, as loggers and ranchers bulldozed their way through the forest denuding it of trees and life. These invaders murdered his entire family, his community, and neighbouring communities too. Fleeing the guns and hiding in the forest was his only survival strategy; to live out his remaining days totally on his own, hunting wild game and growing a few vegetables and fruits in his small garden.
One of the few outsiders ever to set foot on his land, I was there in 2005 with Funai, the governmental protection agency for tribal peoples in Brazil. I was with their indigenous land protection team as part of my work for Survival International, the global movement for tribal peoples. I was not there to make contact with this man; I was there to help ensure the security of his territory and protect his right to live as he has chosen to. Survival International believes the choice whether or not to make contact with mainstream society must only be made by the people themselves; it is never up to others to decide for them.
(Disponível em: . Acesso em 23 ago. 2018.)
Com base no texto, identifique como verdadeiras (V) ou falsas (F) as seguintes afirmativas:
( ) O homem encontrado pela autora do texto no Amazonas recebia suprimentos da Funai.
( ) A autora do texto foi à floresta amazônica movida pela curiosidade.
( ) A autora do texto lembra quando esteve no meio de uma plantação de milho na floresta amazônica.
( ) No segundo parágrafo, ‘these invaders’ se refere aos madeireiros e rancheiros que desmataram a floresta amazônica.
Assinale a alternativa correta.
Questão 43 638132UP Medicina 2019/1
Leia o texto abaixo.
What are the side effects of vitamin D supplementation?
Hypercalcemia and kidney damage are possible side effects of vitamin D supplementation. Doctors tend to consider vitamin D levels to be adequate if there are at least 20 nanograms (ng) of the vitamin per milliliter (mL) of blood. If levels rise above 50 ng/mL, a person may experience adverse side effects. However, most research indicates that the toxicity threshold for vitamin D is fairly high, around 200-240 ng/mL. A person with levels of vitamin D in this range usually consumes between 10,000 and 40,000 international units (IUs) of the vitamin per day.
(Disponível em: <https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322602.php>. Acesso em: 27 jul. 2018.)
Levando em consideração os dados apresentados, assinale a alternativa correta.
Questão 45 638135UP Medicina 2019/1
Leia o texto abaixo.
Birth control pills and blinking
In 1994, researchers found that women who take birth control pills blink more often than women who do not. Quite a lot more, actually; on average, the study found, women on birth control pills are blinking about 32 percent more than women not using this method of contraception.
Although this appears to be a strange side effect, it is worth noting that — according to Alexandra Pope and Jane Bennett’s 2008 book The Pill: Are you sure it’s for you? – birth control pills affect more than 150 of the body’s biological functions. Some of these changes, the authors note, are drastic, while others barely register.
(Disponível em: <https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322407.php>. Acesso em: 27 jul. 2018.)
Com base no texto, assinale a alternativa correta.
Questão 46 638137UP Medicina 2019/1
Leia o texto abaixo.
Young and Free: Prerequisite for Success
Let’s face it: In today’s business world you need to be young and free of attachments to strike it rich. It’s a dog eat dog world out there and you’re going to have to work quite a lot.
Of course, not only will you have to work quite a lot, you’ll need to be flexible and ready to take advantage of anything. That’s where the “free” part comes in.
I’ve got a young friend, he’s only 25, but he fits the bill perfectly. He’s single and he’s hungry. He’s willing to start from scratch and, best of all, he isn’t afraid of putting his nose to the grindstone for those 80 hour weeks. He decided to take the bull by the horns by going starting up his own business. He found a software developer who knew the internet inside out. This young man was also very ambitious. He left his safe job at the drop of a hat. They were both reaching for pie in the sky, and they were ready.
(Disponível em: . Acesso em: 19 ago. 2018.)
Observando o contexto em que as expressões idiomáticas em negrito e sublinhadas aparecem no texto, identifique como verdadeiras (V) ou falsas (F) as seguintes afirmativas:
( ) ‘fits the bill’ significa ‘paga as próprias contas’.
( ) ‘putting his nose to the grindstone’ significa ‘arriscando tudo’.
( ) ‘take the bull by the horn’ significa ‘encarar um problema de frente’.
( ) ‘pie in the sky’ significa ‘muito sucesso’.
Assinale a alternativa que apresenta a sequência correta, de cima para baixo.
Questão 47 638141UP Medicina 2019/1
Leia as estrofes abaixo da canção ‘If you had my love’, de Jennifer Lopez.
If you had my love
And I gave you all my trust
Would you comfort me?
And if somehow you knew
That your love would be untrue
Would you lie to me
And calm me baby?
Now if I give you me
This is how it’s got to be:
First of all, I won’t take you cheatin’ on me
Tell me who can I trust
If I can’t trust in you
And I refuse to let you play me for a fool
(Disponível em: <https://www.vagalume.com.br/jennifer-lopez/if-you-had-my-love.html>. Acesso em: 14 ago. 2018.)
Sobre essa canção, assinale a alternativa correta.
Questão 48 638144UP Medicina 2019/1
O texto abaixo é um excerto da pesquisa conduzida por MacDonald-Wicks L. e Levett-Jones T. sobre os efeitos do ensino de habilidades comunicativas para alunos da área de saúde.
Research has identified the far reaching benefits of effective communication skills including enhanced patient satisfaction, patient safety, symptom resolution and improvements in functional and psychological status. Poor communication can result in omitted or misinterpretation of information resulting in declining health of the patient. ____________ the importance of effective communication in ensuring positive outcomes for both the patient and health professional, there is concern that contemporary teaching and learning approaches do not always facilitate the development of a requisite level of communication skills, both verbal and written and a difficulty for the current generation of communication skills teachers is that many have not had the experience of being taught communication skills themselves. […] ___________ measuring the effectiveness of communication skills training is difficult, there are a few common strategies used in the current literature. It has been suggested that evaluation of the competence of students’ verbal communication skills is best assessed during observations of simulated consultations with standardised patients followed by constructive feedback.
(Disponível em: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27820404>. Acesso em: 18 ago. 2018.)
Assinale a alternativa que apresenta as conjunções que preenchem as lacunas acima, na ordem em que aparecem no texto.
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