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Questão 28 1373380FUVEST 2020
O efeito de comicidade que se obtém do meme decorre, sobretudo, da
Questão 51 1408896URCA 2° Dia 2020/1
What does the word nationalist mean? (Part II)
It's also a word that means different things to different people. "There are different definitions depending on whose nationalism you're talking about," Paul D. Miller, a senior fellow with the Atlantic Council's Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, told CNN.
"Scholars generally differentiate between civic and ethnic/sectarian nationalism, that is, between rooting American identity in the ideals of the American experiment versus rooting it in some aspect of our culture, heritage, history, language or ethnicity. Civic nationalism is the same as what I would call patriotism, and it is essential to a healthy democracy. The second kind of nationalism -- sectarian nationalism -- is pernicious and dangerous."
But Raheem Kassam, a former senior adviser to Brexit leader Nigel Farage, rejects this second, more negative definition of nationalist.
"Nationalism is not inherently ugly. It is in fact inherently beautiful," said Kassam, who is currently a fellow at the Middle East Forum.
"Nationalism is a philosophy based around either the nation state, what we know colloquially as 'countries,' or around another identity factor, which could be religion, ethnicity, geography or even interests," he told CNN.
"In the case of President Trump, he is no doubt using the word to outline his belief in a nation of people unified by beliefs, interests and a common history. This is typically what nationalism has meant since the earliest references to it in human history, though there have no doubt been periods where nationalism, just like socialism or other philosophies, has been used to divide rather than unite, which is ironically the antithesis of its purpose."
From: shorturl.at/kmOR1 Accessed on 08/28/2019
De acordo com o texto, em que se baseia o nacionalismo étnico?
Questão 4 1440021UNICAMP 2020
When 24-year-old fashion blogger Scarlett Dixon posted a picture of herself having breakfast, the internet turned nasty. “The best of days start with a smile and positive thoughts. And pancakes. And strawberries”, Dixon wrote on her Instagram feed. The post was reposted on Twitter. “Instagram is a ridiculous lie factory made to make us all feel inadequate”, wrote Nathan from Cardiff. His post, which has garnered more than 111,000 likes (22 times as many as Dixon’s original) and almost 25,000 retweets, prompted a wave of criticism, with comments going like “Fakelife!”.
Instagram looks like the friendliest social network imaginable. But, for a growing number of users – and mental health experts – the very positivity of Instagram is precisely the problem. The site encourages its users to present an upbeat, attractive image that others may find at best misleading and at worse harmful. Instagram makes you worry that everyone is perfect – except you.
(Adaptado de https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/sep/17. Acessado em 19/04/2019).
O texto anterior apresenta uma crítica
Questão 6 1440036UNICAMP 2020
To me, science is one way of connecting with the mystery of existence. And if you think of it that way, the mystery of existence is something that we have wondered about ever since people began asking questions about who we are and where we come from. So while those questions are now part of scientific research, they are much, much older than science. I’m talking about science as part of a much grander and older sort of questioning about who we are in the big picture of the universe. To me, as a theoretical physicist and also someone who spends time out in the mountains, this sort of questioning offers a deeply spiritual connection with the world, through my mind and through my body. Einstein would have said the same thing, I think, with his cosmic religious feeling.
Marcelo Gleiser, March 20, 2019.
(Adaptado de https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/atheism-is-inconsistent-with-the-scien tific-method-prizewinning-physicist-says/?redirect=1. Acessado em 15/05/2019.)
Qual das frases abaixo mais se aproxima das palavras de Gleiser reproduzidas acima?
Questão 14 1442874FAMERP 2020
Leia o infográfico para responder à questão.
De acordo com o contexto do terceiro tópico, o trecho “the most bang for their buck” pode ser entendido como:
Questão 19 1442898FAMERP 2020
Leia o texto para responder à questão.
What does love look like? Love is accepting that your partner is not perfect, but you want to be with him or her anyway. Love is being grateful that you are accepted despite your imperfections. Love is still being happy to come home to that same person, even after 30 years.
(Harriet Koral. www.nytimes.com, 19.11.2017. Adaptado.)
O trecho “accepting that your partner is not perfect” pode ser associado ao seguinte provérbio:
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